A hazard is any danger or risk in the road environment that might lead to a crash.
Scanning the environment frequently will provide a better understanding of what is happening around you, and will place you in a better position to avoid potential hazards.
Dealing with hazards
To deal with any hazard, you should identify the hazard by scanning continuously, know the appropriate action, act in time, and give other road users plenty of warning. By following the system of car control (as shown below), you will be better equipped to handle potential hazards in the road environment:
- Identify the hazard (e.g. an approaching pedestrian)
- Check if your road position is appropriate for the hazard ahead
- Look for other vehicles using rear-view mirrors and use indicators to signal an upcoming change (if needed)
- Check that you’re driving at an appropriate speed and adjust if necessary (increase or decrease). Change gears if necessary.
- Just before the hazard, check whether your intended direction is still safe or if you have to take action. You might have to slow down, stop or sound your horn.
- Resume an appropriate speed after you have passed the hazard
Apply the system of car control when facing a hazardous driving situation (e.g. if there are animals or debris on the road).