LGV Theory Test Practice 2022

If you’re looking to get a full score on your LGV/HGV Theory Test, you’ve come to the right place.

practice test
What to expect on part 1A
Number of questions:
100
Correct answers needed to pass:
85
Passing score:
85%
Minimum age to take test:
18years
Length of test:
115min
Minimum period between attempts:
3days
What to expect on part 1B
Number of video questions:
19
Number of points:
100
Points needed to pass:
67
Passing score:
67%
Minimum age to take test:
18years
Length of test:
25minutes
Minimum period between attempts:
3days
It’s both time-consuming and costly to fail the theory test. Despite this, official statistics show that almost ⅓ of all test takers came unprepared and failed the LGV test in 2020. Don't make the same mistake.
Our revision questions, answers, and explanations are licensed directly from the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) so they are up-to-date and correct for 2022. As DVSA is the agency that sets the real test, our tests are as close to the real deal as possible.

How Does the HGV Theory Test Work?

The HGV theory test is made up of two parts that must be completed within 24 months of each other. It’s easiest to take them both at the same time, but it’s not unusual to fail one part and have to re-take that part at a later date.

  • Part 1a - Multiple-Choice Questions. This part is about answering 100 multiple-choice questions in 115 minutes. You need 85% correct to pass.
  • Part 1b - Hazard Perception. You will watch 19 Hazard Perception Video Clips. Click every time you believe there is a hazard - you will be scored by how quickly you can spot the hazard. You need a score of 67 out of 100 to pass.

How to Prepare for the Test

All of Zutobi’s material is designed to be easy to understand and easy to remember. With our course, you’ll learn everything you need to know in order to pass your LGV test on the first attempt, and you’ll learn it in a way that makes recalling it on test day a breeze.

LGV / HGV Frequently Asked Questions

  • The theory test costs a total of £37 to sit - £26 for Part 1a and £11 for Part 1b. You can book it here. If you count the expense of buying materials to practice for the test, you should estimate the cost to be about £50.
  • You will receive a theory test certificate that is valid for two years from the date you passed the test. This certificate includes a reference number that you need to quote when you book your practical test.
  • Most people take their practical test within a few weeks or months of completing the theory test. If you have not taken the practical test before the two years are up, you will have to re-take both parts 1a and 2a.
  • If you fail any part of the LGV Theory Test, you won’t be able to re-take the test for three clear working days. You should find out why you have failed and focus on improving your weak areas for the next time you sit the test.
  • The cost of training to drive a Large Goods Vehicle can amount in the thousands, so the cost for the theory test is negligible in comparison.
  • The theory test is the same for Heavy Goods Vehicles and Large Goods Vehicles. Under UK and European Law, they are the same licence and cover commercial trucks with a gross combination mass of 3 500 kg or more.
Questions

What should you do when you drive in windy weather? 

AMaintain a constant speed in exposed areas
Anticipate how the weather may affect other road users
CAlways keep to your intended route
DStay close to smaller or vulnerable vehicles as you overtake them

Cyclists, motorcyclists, caravans and high-sided vehicles can be very vulnerable in high winds. Plan well ahead and consider the difficulties they may be having. Remember, some routes may be closed to certain vehicles and you may need to use an alternative route. 

What should you do if you lose your way in heavy traffic? 

AStop at traffic lights and ask pedestrians
BShout to other drivers to ask them the way
Drive on until you find a safe place to stop
DCheck a map as you keep moving with the traffic

Driving in heavy traffic needs 100% concentration. If you become lost, find a safe place to stop before checking a map or asking for directions. Don’t risk losing concentration by glancing at a map while driving, even if you're in traffic that keeps stopping. 

What benefit is expected to come from having a Driver Certificate of Professional Competence (Driver CPC) qualification? 

A reduction in fuel consumption
BAn exemption from tachograph regulations
CA reduction in vehicle tax
DAn exemption from all congestion charges

The Driver CPC qualification and training syllabus is designed to lead to enhanced professionalism and improvements in road safety. Other expected benefits are a general reduction in fuel consumption and emissions, resulting from a better knowledge of ecosafe driving techniques. 

Which cargo needs to be transported at a controlled temperature? 

Perishable foods
BBarrels of beer
CCement
DSilage

Some foods need to be transported at controlled temperatures. Drivers will need to be trained in the use of refrigeration units and correct hygiene procedures. 

You're driving a lorry of more than 7.5 tonnes maximum authorised mass along a motorway. When can you use the right-hand lane to overtake? 

When the motorway has two lanes
BWhen the motorway has three lanes
CWhen there's a 50 mph speed limit
DWhen there's a 40 mph speed limit

You may use the right-hand lane to overtake on a two-lane motorway. Lorries weighing more than 7.5 tonnes, vehicles that are required to be fitted with speed limiters, and vehicles towing trailers aren't allowed to use the right-hand lane of a motorway with three or more lanes, except in special circumstances. 

What should you do if you intend to overtake a lorry that's throwing up spray? 

AGet much closer before moving out
BWait until the other driver gives a left signal
Move out earlier than normal
DWait for the lorry to slow down on a hill

If you wish to overtake a vehicle that’s throwing up spray, move out earlier than normal. This will help to limit the reduction in vision that the rear spray will cause before you pass. 

When should the driver of a coach wear gloves? 

ATo load and stow passengers’ luggage
BTo operate a lift for disabled passengers
CTo handle the fares
To top up the oil or water levels

Even the best-maintained vehicles accumulate a certain amount of grime around the engine. If this comes into contact with skin, it can cause irritation and may lead to conditions such as dermatitis. By wearing gloves, you can also keep your hands and cuffs clean to present a smart appearance to your customers. 

What should you do if you're feeling tired but there's nowhere to stop safely? 

AIncrease your speed to find a stopping place more quickly
Ensure a supply of fresh air
CGently tap the steering wheel
DKeep changing speed to improve your concentration

If you’re travelling on a long journey, plan your route before you leave. This will help you to

  • be decisive at intersections and junctions
  • plan your rest stops
  • know approximately how long the journey will take

    Make sure that the vehicle you’re travelling in is well ventilated. A warm, stuffy atmosphere can make you drowsy, which will impair your judgement and perception.

What should you do if a passenger comments on exhaust smoke in the bus? 

AReport it as soon as you return to the depot
Stop and have the fault put right
CAvoid heavy revving of the engine when stationary
DHave the emissions checked at the next vehicle inspection

If exhaust fumes are getting into the vehicle, this could be a danger to your passengers. Stop as soon as it's safe to do so and have the fault put right before continuing. 

What should you do before changing lanes to overtake on a motorway? 

Check your mirrors carefully
BChange to a lower gear
CLook over your left shoulder
DIncrease your speed gently

Check your mirrors to make sure that it's safe to overtake. Remember that traffic coming up behind will be travelling at a faster speed. 

High-sided vehicles can be affected by side wind. On which type of road is this most likely? 

ANarrow country lanes
Open roads
CSlip roads
DMotorway underpasses

You should take account of the weather forecast when you plan your route. You’re most likely to be subjected to side wind on exposed routes; for example, on long bridges, open roads and exposed stretches of motorway. 

You're driving a coach, returning from a European trip. Why should you search the vehicle at the port? 

ATo look for missing property
BTo ensure duty-free limits aren't exceeded
To prevent the carriage of illegal immigrants
DTo ensure the vehicle has the correct documentation

A coach driver can be fined up to £2000 for each illegal immigrant carried. The owner and hirer may also be fined the same amount. 

You're driving a double-deck bus. Why do you need to know if anyone is using the stairs? 

AThe upper deck is only to be used when the lower deck is full
BTickets for the upper deck are more expensive
Passengers using the stairs could fall if the bus brakes or swerves
DNo-one under 18 years old may use the stairs

You must always be aware of anyone using the stairs. Be particularly careful to avoid any sudden movement, such as when braking or cornering, as this could cause passengers to stumble. 

Why should the height of a load be kept to a minimum? 

To reduce aerodynamic drag
BTo increase rolling resistance
CTo increase momentum
DTo reduce unloading time

Keeping the height of the load as low as possible will reduce the wind resistance of the vehicle. This will help to save fuel. It’s particularly relevant when using a flat-bodied lorry or trailer. 

What must vehicle operators provide for their drivers? 

A system for reporting vehicle defects
BA daily update on all motorway hold-ups
CA hands-free mobile communications system
DA fuel-saving incentive scheme

The operator must have a system in place so that drivers can report defects and have them repaired properly. 

You're about to drive an unfamiliar vehicle. What should you do if you think there may be moisture in the air-brake reservoir? 

AAssume the system has automatic drain valves
Find out whether you need to drain the system manually
CNothing; it's the vehicle owner’s responsibility
DLeave the engine running for a while before driving

Moisture in the braking system can cause serious problems, especially in cold weather, when it could freeze and stop the brakes from working. Most modern vehicles have a system that drains automatically, but make sure you know which system is fitted to any vehicle that you drive. 

What should you try to do when your vehicle has a front-tyre blow-out? 

Hold the steering wheel firmly and slow down gradually
BSteer to the right-hand side and brake firmly
CDon't use your brakes under any circumstances
DBrake hard and steer towards the affected side

With a front-tyre blow-out, you won't be able to steer properly. Keep a firm hold of the steering wheel and slow gradually to a stop. Don’t brake hard or steer sharply. 

What should you do if you see this sign when you're about to overtake? 

display
AOvertake the other driver as quickly as possible
BMove to the right to get a better view
CSwitch your headlights on before overtaking
Hold back until you can see clearly ahead

You won’t be able to see any hazards that might be out of sight in the dip. As well as oncoming traffic, there may be cyclists, horse riders, parked vehicles or pedestrians hidden from view. Only start to overtake when you can see the road ahead is clear, giving you enough time to overtake safely. 

Where may passengers be thrown when a bus takes a bend too fast? 

Towards the outside of the bend
BTowards the inside of the bend
CTowards the front of the bus
DTowards the rear of the bus

Turning corners or travelling around bends too quickly will push passengers towards the outside of the bend. In addition, the weight of the passengers being transferred to one side of the vehicle will make the bus even more unstable. This will make steering out of the bend more difficult. 

As a guide, how many passengers equal 1 tonne? 

15
B20
C25
D30

Your bus will move away more slowly and handle differently when fully laden with passengers and their luggage. You’ll have to make allowances for this, especially when moving off uphill. 

Take Our FREE LGV Theory Test Today

Test what you think you already know about driving a lorry with our free LGV theory test. And if you don’t do as well as you’d like, feel free to sign up for our course!

Zutobi is a new and exciting way to study for your test. The way our courses work allows you to stay engaged and motivated while studying. We strongly recommend preparing for your test using our revision tests as they contain everything you need.

Ace your theory test, guaranteed